Nerve sheath tumors

Spinal nerve sheath tumors can be benign or cancerous. Whether they're cancerous or not, they interfere with messages being sent between your brain and the rest of your body. Our spinal surgery team can safely remove tumors once believed impossible to treat. We're proud to offer breakthrough imaging and surgical electrical technology working together. 

Nerve sheath tumors include three major nerve categories: neurofibroma, schwannoma and peripheral nerve sheath tumor. Symptoms may include numbness or burning in the affected area, or loss of balance or hearing. Most of these tumors are non-cancerous and only require non-operative treatments. Prognosis after treatment depends on size, location and if the tumor has spread.

Treatment options

Nerve sheath tumor treatment is based on which particular kind of the many types of nerve tumors you have. Some may not interfere with your life, so they don't require treatment. For tumors that are causing symptoms, surgery is often the first discussion, when possible. When surgery is not an option, radiation therapy may be used to target the tumor. 

Even though treatment varies from person to person, everyone receives quality care, using advanced and innovative treatment options to preserve the nerve and remove as much of the tumor as possible. You have neurosurgeons, nurses and supportive care who specialize in spinal tumors. From treatment to recovery, we work hard to make the transition seamless. Read more about what options may help you.

Active monitoring

This is recommended when your tumor is noncancerous and symptoms are minimal. Monitoring also occurs if your tumor can't be completely removed with surgery. Tell your doctor about any new symptoms immediately.

Neuro rehabilitation

Our physical therapy and rehabilitation experts don't just work on improving your physical function. We understand that neurological connections with your brain and your nerves affect your physical, cognitive and emotional health. Our holistic approach brings you greater success.


Even with aggressive treatment, tumors can grow back. Chemotherapy can help control and monitor tumors that have grown back when radiation isn't enough.

Radiation therapy

Radiation may be suggested in a couple scenarios. First, radiation can reduce the size of the tumor when surgery can't completely remove it. Second, even if the tumor is completely removed, radiation can reduce the risk of a tumor returning.

Neurofibroma tumor surgery

Since the tumor is inside the nerve, your surgeon removes the tumor from within the nerve. Our goal is to preserve the nerve. Your doctor may recommend a nerve repair surgery, if the nerve is damaged.

Schwannoma sheath surgery

If you have a Schwanomma sheath tumor, your surgeon will remove the tumor off the surface of the nerve. Our goal is to preserve the nerve. If damaged during surgery, your doctor will recommend a nerve repair surgery.

Find a Physician or Advanced Practice Provider

Our experienced doctors and specialists are ready to serve you, right in your community.