Meningioma Tumors

Have you recently been diagnosed with a meningioma brain tumor and not sure of the next step? Let us help. We've got a talented team of brain and spine tumor specialists and a team of support in your corner. We'll work directly with your primary care doctor to keep all of us moving toward your recovery together.

Meningioma tumors grow in the layers of tissue that cover the brain and spinal cord. Although usually noncancerous, they can still cause neurological problems. In fact, these tumors appear more often than cancerous brain tumors. Surgery may be necessary. However, your doctor may recommend only observation as treatment. If observation is your plan, be sure to report any new symptoms immediately.

Treatments for Meningioma Tumors

Eighty-five percent of meningiomas are noncancerous. This means not all need to be treated right away. We'll talk to you about your specific situation once we've gotten a detailed look. We'll discuss treatment timing and options together. Once treatment is needed, most can be removed with surgery, which is the most common form of treatment. A combination approach with radiation therapy after surgery may be the next step if your surgeon can’t remove the tumor completely. If surgery is too dangerous, radiation therapy may be the only treatment you need.

Your treatment plan will depend on the size, location and symptoms associated with the tumor. Our neurologists are experts in brain and spine tumors. They work day-in and day-out to treat patients just like you. Read our treatment options below.

Active Monitoring
This is recommended when your tumor is noncancerous and symptoms are minimal. Monitoring also occurs if your tumor can't be completely removed with surgery. Tell your doctor about any new symptoms immediately.

Craniotomy Surgery
This is the most common type of surgery. Your surgeon makes an incision in your scalp, removes a piece of bone to allow him/her to gain access and removes as much of the tumor as possible without damaging the brain.

Meningioma Medicine
Some medicines ease symptoms of meningioma tumors, such as seizures or excessive vomiting. Medicines are constantly being researched and studied.

Neuro Rehabilitation
Our physical therapy and rehabilitation experts don't just work on improving your physical function. We understand that neurological connections with your brain and your nerves affect your physical, cognitive and emotional health. Our holistic approach brings you greater success.

Radiation Therapy
Radiation may be suggested in a couple scenarios. First, radiation can reduce the size of the tumor when surgery can't completely remove it. Second, even if the tumor is completely removed, radiation can reduce the risk of a tumor returning.

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What Is a Meningioma?

Meningiomas are slow-growing tumors in membranes (meninges) that cover the surface of the brain, spinal cord, or spinal nerve root. About one-fifth of all brain tumors are meningiomas. Almost all meningiomas are benign (not cancerous), but they still cause problems because they press on the brain or spinal cord. Meningiomas occur nearly twice as often in women as in men, the most common age at time of diagnosis being 45. They are rare in children and adolescents. About 80% of people are cured if the tumor can be completely removed. Rarely, meningiomas are cancerous (malignant) and may recur quickly and destroy normal tissues nearby.

What Causes a Meningioma?

Meningiomas are caused by abnormal growth of cells on surface coverings of the brain, spinal cord, or spinal nerve roots. The cause of the abnormal growth is unknown.

What Are the Symptoms of a Meningioma?

Symptoms include headaches, vision changes, hearing changes, nausea and vomiting, weakness (especially on one side of the body), numbness or tingling, and loss of memory and the ability to think clearly. Meningiomas may sometimes irritate the brain’s surface and cause epilepsy (seizures).

How Is a Meningioma Diagnosed?

The health care provider may suspect a meningioma on the basis of the medical history and physical examination. The health care provider will order computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain. A special x-ray of the blood vessels in the brain called angiography may be done if surgery is necessary.

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How Is a Meningioma Treated?

Some people with small, slow-growing meningiomas and no symptoms need no treatment but will be checked regularly with CT or MRI to monitor the growth of the tumor. Otherwise, treatment is surgery. After the tumor is removed, it will be examined to see whether it’s cancerous. If it is cancer, more treatment with radiation may be used. In some cases, non-invasive radiosurgery (focused radiation [gamma knife]) may be used to treat deep tumors that are hard to reach surgically. For seizures before or after surgery, antiseizure medicine may be taken to prevent more seizures.

DOs and DON’Ts in Managing a Meningioma:
  • DO follow treatments as prescribed by your health care provider.
  • DO keep all follow-up appointments to monitor growth of your tumor.
  • DO return to activity and take medicines as prescribed by your health care provider. Exercise daily if your health care provider says you can.
  • DO eat a healthy diet.
  • DO get enough sleep and reduce your stress.
  • DO call your health care provider if you have new or repeating symptoms, or if symptoms become much worse.
  • DO call your health care provider if you have problems with your medicines.
  • DO look for a support group if you think that will help you cope.
  • DON’T panic. In most cases, your illness can be cured with surgery.
  • DON’T drive if you’ve had a seizure, unless your health care provider says that you can.
FOR MORE INFORMATION

Contact the following source:

  • National Brain Tumor Foundation
    Tel: (800) 934-2873
    Website: http://www.braintumor.org
  • Mayo Clinic
    Website: http://www.mayoclinic.com/

Copyright © 2016 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc.

Ferri’s Netter Patient Advisor