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About Your Care and Condition

Myeloma is a cancer that begins in plasma cells. Plasma cells are white blood cells that fight infection as part of the immune system. Abnormal, cancerous plasma cells are called myeloma cells. Myeloma cells can weaken the immune system, interfere with blood cell production, damage the kidneys and weaken bones. Because myeloma cells collect at many sites in the bone marrow, the disease is often referred to as “multiple myeloma.”

Some people, including those who are male, or African-American, have higher risk factors for myeloma than others do.