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Bone density peaks in your early twenties. From there on, you must make an increasing effort to maintain sufficient calcium and mineral levels for bone health (especially if you are female). Bone density loss can lead to osteoporosis, where brittle bones can break even with a sneeze. Periodic bone density testing is the only way to ensure strong bones throughout your future.. Periodic bone density testing is the only way to ensure strong bones throughout your future.
Painless, non-invasive and safe, a bone density scan measures bone mineral content and density. The scan is performed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). During the test, photons are beamed below you, while at the same time, an X-ray above you measures how many photons are stopped by your bones. The results show whether your bone mass is decreasing, and if so, how fast. Together, we can help you prevent future fractures and maintain bone health.
The following individuals should be screened for bone loss with bone densitometry:
- All females ≥ 65 years of age.
- All other individuals with two or more risk factors for bone loss and menopausal.
- Risk factors include: history of fragility fracture, weight < 127 lbs., medical causes of bone loss, parental hip fracture, current smoker, alcoholic, and rheumatoid arthritis.
- Individuals who have bone densitometry results indicating normal or low normal bone density (T score > -1.5) should have a repeat bone density within the following intervals:
- Repeat in 5 years if less < 65 years of age.
- Repeat in 10 years if ≥ 65 years of age.