Muscular dystrophy is a large group of genetic disorders which patients may inherit from their parents. Occasionally, the patient will acquire the genetic mutation during their development in the first days or weeks of conception. Dystrophies can present in a vast diversity of ways in early childhood, adolescence, or adulthood. Typically, patients will have weakness of the arms and legs and sometimes facial muscles. Diagnosis is often made with a detailed neuromuscular examination, electrodiagnostic testing (EMG), muscle biopsy, or genetic testing. Some muscular dystrophies have treatments that can slow down or reverse the condition so it is important to make the diagnosis early.
For more information about muscular dystrophy, please visit: Muscular Dystrophy Association.