More About Traumatic Brain Injury

  • Traumatic brain injuries are caused by a blow or a jolt to the head. They can range from mild to severe.
  • Symptoms can range from headache, dizziness, or trouble thinking to nausea, vomiting, seizures, or loss of consciousness.
  • Severe injuries need treatment right away, which might include surgery. People with severe injuries may have a lengthy recovery period.

Call your healthcare provider right away or go to the emergency room if you have any type of severe head injury or if you lose consciousness after a blow to the head. You should also seek help right away even after a mild head injury if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Headache that gets worse and does not go away
  • Weakness, numbness or decreased coordination
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Slurred speech
  • Feeling very confused
  • Feeling very drowsy
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Fluid dripping from the nose or ear

These could be signs of a serious condition that needs treatment right away.

Your healthcare provider will ask you questions about how the injury occurred and if you are having any symptoms. He or she will also likely want to know if you were unconscious after your injury and will ask you questions to evaluate your thought process.

Your healthcare provider may want to do X-rays or a CT or MRI scan of your head and neck to assess the extent of the injury.