About Your Care and Condition

Colon polyps are growths on the lining of your colon and rectum. Colorectal cancer is one the most common causes of death from cancer and most often begins as polyps. Over time, some polyps can become cancerous. Removing polyps can help prevent colorectal cancer. 

Anyone can develop colon polyps and colon cancer. However your risk factors can increase if: 

  • Someone in your family has had polyps or cancer of the colon or rectum
  • You have inflammatory bowel disease such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease
  • You are overweight
  • Smoke cigarettes

A colon and rectal cancer screening is recommended at age 50 if you do not have health problems or other risk factors that make you more susceptible to colorectal cancer. If you are at higher risk for colorectal cancer, your doctor may recommend screening at a younger age, and recommend being tested more often.