Interventional Cardiology Services

Interventional cardiology is a branch of cardiology that deals with treating heart disease through minimally invasive, catheter-based procedures. Our team of interventional cardiologists work with other specialized experts in real-time to determine the best course of treatment for you and your loved ones.


ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, also known as STEMI, is the most severe type of heart attack a person can experience. People suffering from this type of heart attack need help fast. That’s why we’ve established a STEMI network with area hospitals in the region, so you and your loved ones can be treated as quickly as possible.

One of the most common treatments for heart attack is angioplasty and stent placement. Angioplasty is a minimally invasive means to open a clogged artery using a catheter and small balloon. The catheter is inserted into an artery in your groin and moved up to the blocked artery in your heart. Once in place, the balloon is inflated to open the blocked coronary artery. A wire mesh tube, known as a stent, may also be inserted to keep it open long-term.

The goal of the STEMI network is to ensure the quickest door-to-balloon time possible. That means how long it takes to move your or your loved one from your first point-of-care for a heart attack (i.e. a local community hospital ER) to the catheterization lab at the Fred and Lena Meijer Heart Center. Saving time results in less damage to the heart, better chance for survival, lower incidence of heart failure and better quality of life due to a better outcome.

Chronic Total Occlusion Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Chronic total occlusion is a complete or almost complete blockage of the coronary artery for 30 or more days due to severe buildup of fatty deposits or plaque. Treatment for CTO has traditionally been coronary artery bypass grafting, or CAGB. CABG is an open heart surgery where a vein or artery is taken from another part of your body to create a new route to the coronary artery, bypassing the blockage.

We offer a minimally invasive alternative to CABG, known as CTO percutaneous coronary intervention. With CTO PCI, an interventional cardiologist will insert a catheter into an artery via the groin and guide it to other collateral blood vessels, entering the blocked artery from multiple sides. From there a small balloon at the tip of the catheter is inflated to widen the artery. A wire mesh tube, known as a stent, may also be inserted to keep it open long-term.

Treating a chronic total occlusion with percutaneous coronary intervention may result in:

  • Improved symptoms
  • Reduced recovery time
  • Increased heart function
  • Higher quality of life