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Lifestyle Changes for Gestational Diabetes

Your healthcare provider will figure out the best treatment for you based on:

  • How old you are
  • Your overall health and past health
  • How sick you are
  • How well you can handle specific medicines, procedures, or therapies
  • How long the condition is expected to last
  • Your opinion or preference

Treatment for gestational diabetes focuses on keeping your blood sugar levels in the normal range. Treatment may include:

  • Special diet. You should eat 5 servings of vegetables, fruits, low-fat or nonfat dairy products, and lean meats. Use liquid fats for cooking instead of solid fats. You should eat whole grains and avoid high-calorie snacks or sweet desserts.
  • Exercise. You should do moderate exercise unless your healthcare provider tells you not to.
  • Daily blood glucose monitoring. Your goal is to keep your blood sugar levels lower than 130mg/dL to 140mg/dL one hour after eating.
  • Insulin injections. You may need these to control your blood sugar levels. Or you may need other medicines taken by mouth.