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Folic Acid Supplements in Children

Your child’s healthcare provider will figure out the best treatment plan for your child based on:

  • How old your child is
  • His or her overall health and medical history
  • How sick your child is
  • How well your child can handle certain medicines, treatments, or therapies
  • How long the condition is expected to last
  • Your opinion or preference

Early diagnosis and preventing further problems is important in treating this disease. Your child's healthcare provider will refer you to a hematologist. This is an expert in blood disorders. Other specialists may also be involved in your child's care.

Treatment options may include:

  • Pain medicines. These are used for pain crises.
  • Drinking plenty of water daily (8 to 10 glasses). This helps prevent and treat pain crises. In some cases, IV (intravenous) fluids may be needed.  
  • Blood transfusions. These are used to treat anemia, chronic pain, acute chest syndrome, and splenic sequestration, and to prevent stroke.
  • Vaccinations and antibiotics. These are used to prevent infections.
  • Folic acid. This helps prevent severe anemia.
  • This medicine helps reduce the frequency of pain crises and acute chest syndrome. It may also help decrease the need for frequent blood transfusions.
  • Regular eye exams. These are done to screen for an eye condition called retinopathy. Have your child’s eyes checked each year.
  • Stem cell transplant. Transplants can cure some children with SCD. Studies of this treatment are ongoing. Talk with your child’s healthcare provider. Transplants are only done at specialized medical centers.