Your healthcare provider will take an individualized approach to your treatment. This may mean using a combination of things to help you manage pain and reduce muscle spasms. He or she may try a number of different medicines that treat dystonia. These include drugs that affect the specific neurotransmitters acetylcholine, GABA, and dopamine. Other drugs that your healthcare provider might prescribe are anticonvulsants or injections of Botulinum toxin (Botox).
You may need surgery to treat dystonia, especially if you aren't able to manage symptoms with medicine. But surgery can have negative consequences, such as destroying parts of your brain.
Other possible treatment methods include:
- New ways to manage stress
- Deep brain stimulation therapy
- Physical or speech therapy
- Wearing a splint on affected parts of your body