Liver Disease

Chronic Liver Disease

Cirrhosis is when scar tissue replaces healthy liver tissue. This stops the liver from working normally.

Cirrhosis is a long-term (chronic) liver disease. The damage to your liver builds up over time.

The liver is your body’s largest internal organ. It lies up under your ribs on the right side of your belly.

The liver does many important things including:

  • Removes waste from the body, such as toxins and medicines
  • Makes bile to help digest food
  • Stores sugar that the body uses for energy
  • Makes new proteins

When you have cirrhosis, scar tissue slows the flow of blood through the liver. Over time, the liver can’t work the way it should.

In severe cases, the liver gets so badly damaged that it stops working. This is called liver failure.


Key Points

  • Cirrhosis is when scar tissue replaces healthy liver tissue. This stops the liver from working normally.
  • Cirrhosis is a long-term (chronic) liver disease.
  • The most common causes are hepatitis and other viruses, and alcohol abuse. Other medical problems can also cause it.
  • The damage to the liver usually can’t be reversed.
  • The goal of treatment is to slow down the buildup of scar tissue and prevent or treat any problems that happen.
  • In severe cases, you may need a liver transplant.